How to Make Espresso Drinks

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In order to become a good barista, one must have good skills around espresso making. There is a variety of drinks and experiments you can do with espresso.


  1. Start with a shot of espresso. With the correct amounts of water, coffee, pressure, and timing, an espresso shot can come out perfectly. A shot should take 20 to 25 seconds to create one to two ounces.
  2. Build a latte. Most coffee shop drinks revolve around a latte. A latte is simply an espresso shot and steamed milk. However, to make a delicious latte, good steaming of the milk and froth also plays a key part. With a lot of practice, you can also create latte art.
    • When someone asks for a breve, its simply using steamed half & half rather than regular milk.
  3. Challenge yourself with a cappuccino. When making drinks, you must ask the drinker if they would like a "dry" or "wet". Youll soon find out that a regular latte is in the middle of the two. A dry cappuccino requires espresso and pure milk froth. A wet cappuccino requires espresso and more milk than froth.
  4. Know what an Americano is. Americanos are simply shots of espresso with the rest of the drink being hot or chilled water.
  5. Learn about macchiatos. A caffè macchiato is simply a shot of espresso with a slight amount of milk or foam, making a "mark" in the drink. Not to be confused with a latte macchiato, which is milk or froth with a very small amount of espresso.
  6. Open your eyes with a "red eye". This "eye-opener" drink should not be confused with an americano. Red eyes are a single shot of espresso with dripped coffee. Variants of this drink are called "black eye" (2 shots of espresso) and "dead eye" (3 shots of espresso) [1].


  • Never stir drinks unless theyre iced or blended. Just let everything layer on top of each other.
  • Always use cold milk when making iced or blended drinks.
  • Top off any chocolate ingredient drink, such as mochas, with whipped cream.
  • When it comes to flavors, Torani syrups are very recommended. Vanilla, caramel, and hazelnut are popular for espresso based drinks.

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